5250 High Performance Dyno Shop Blog

Larger Fuel Injectors | How do I know if I have the right size?

[fa icon="calendar'] Mar 28, 2019 7:00:00 AM / by Mike Wiener posted in Building Horsepower, fuel injectors

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Horsepower. We all love it and want more of it.

Do I need Larger Injectors | If you are ready for more, choosing the right stuff is critical for increased power and reliability.

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Building Turbo Power | Do it right, make big power with Compound Turbos

[fa icon="calendar'] Feb 21, 2019 6:00:00 AM / by Mike Wiener posted in Building Horsepower, compound turbos

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In the search for more power, everyone wants low end torque and big HP. But when it comes to turbo motors, there is always a trade off.

A smaller turbo will make big low end torque, but fall off in power as the revs climb. A larger turbo will make big power numbers at redline, but is slow to spool and torque suffers.

  • If you want smooth power that keeps on building, read on...
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Horsepower gains in Colorado | Dyno Performance Shop

[fa icon="calendar'] Jun 1, 2018 9:00:00 AM / by Mike Wiener posted in Building Horsepower, Dyno Tuning Colorado, Prochargers

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Horsepower Colorado | When it comes time to add power, many horsepower enthusiasts immediately go for a turbo or supercharger.

These two power adders are the best way to get serious horsepower out of your motor. There are no bottles to fill or special fuel to use. When you mash the gas, the power is always there.

But which one do you choose? They both perform the same task of cramming more air into your engine, but they do this task very differently.

A turbo is powered by exhaust gases and is fairly dynamic. Boost pressure can vary significantly at different engine rpm's. Even at low rpm's, a turbo can build significant boost if allowed enough time. Through the use of a wastegate, boost pressure can be turned up or down at will. Want more power? Turn up the boost!

A supercharger output is directly proportional to the speed of the motor. This means that at a given engine speed, the supercharger will make a certain amount of boost. The only way to increase boost is to change the size of the supercharger pulley, but there is a limit to how small of a pulley you can use. A smaller pulley is harder to spin and has less surface area than a larger pulley for the belt to grab. This means it is more likely for the belt to slip on a smaller pulley, making it even harder to increase the output.

Living at altitude presents its own challenges when selecting a turbo or supercharger system. A turbo system that is designed to make 15psi of boost at sea level will still make 15psi of boost at high altitude. The turbo is capable of spinning faster to increase its output but it will not make the same power that is does at sea level due to the lower efficiency of having to spin faster.

A supercharger that is designed to make 8psi of boost at sea level will only produce 3-5psi at 5000 feet. It's a very significant loss and utilizing a smaller pulley is the only way to get some of that back. Just like a turbocharger though, a supercharger loses efficiency when it spins faster and will never make the same power as it does at sea level. Because of the dynamic properties of a turbocharger, it's efficiency losses at higher speeds is not as bad as the superchargers.

The Procharger line of superchargers is a very popular system we frequently install. Many enthusiasts choose this system for their vehicle for a few reasons. A Procharger system is less expensive and easier to install than a turbo system. There is also no fear of an overboost situation that could instantly destroy a motor if a vacuum line becomes loose.

The ProCharger is a centrifugal supercharger. It's compressor is a very similar design to the compressor you would find on a turbo. There are a set of gears inside the ProCharger unit that take the several thousand rpm's of engine speed and step them up to several ten thousand speeds. This is different than the screw type designs of Roots style and most other superchargers.

On a recent ProCharger build, we were only able to get 2-3psi of boost using the pulley supplied in the kit.

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E85 | more Turbo Power after you bolted on all those mods

[fa icon="calendar'] Jun 13, 2017 10:30:00 AM / by Mike Wiener posted in Building Horsepower, Turbo Upgrades, E85

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Building Turbo Power in Colorado | Now that you have bolted on as many go-fast parts as you can find online, what’s next?

You read many forums, and the real issue is that you are still cautious because this is your daily driver.

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Dyno Shop | Ready for the Track | not so fast speedracer

[fa icon="calendar'] Jun 8, 2017 10:15:00 AM / by Mike Wiener posted in Building Horsepower

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So you think after spending big chunks of money on power / suspension upgrades, you now have a race car.

You've modded the engine and now it's putting out 150hp more than stock. You've upgraded the suspension with coilovers and chassis stiffening braces and sway bars. You've fit the widest wheels and tires for the most grip. Your new brakes are HUGE!

  • The race track is a great place to push limits, feel G forces, and have enormous fun that isn’t realistic on the street. There is no comparison.
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Colorado Engine Performance Upgrades

[fa icon="calendar'] Mar 6, 2017 7:30:00 AM / by Mike Wiener posted in Building Horsepower

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Planning a large turbo build can be very tedious and a scary process.

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Turbocharged Performance | Do I need a Blow-Off Valve, and here’s why

[fa icon="calendar'] Jul 21, 2015 7:00:00 PM / by Mike Wiener posted in Building Horsepower

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Why do some turbo kits not have blow-off valves?

Recently, I have seen some rotated turbo kits on a few customer cars that were built without a Blow-Off Valve (BOV). I've been told the builder of these kits claims 'a BOV is not needed'.  You need to read this if...

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Subaru Performance Upgrades | Delivering on our promise part 1

[fa icon="calendar'] Jun 26, 2015 4:30:00 AM / by Mike Wiener posted in Building Horsepower

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 Subaru Performance upgrades | Getting the power to the ground just as ordered, except....when problems occur.

Moving from a stock motor to a stage 1, usually ends up with the owner wanting more of a good thing.  Why not?  Pulling hard on to Hwy 25 here in Longmont, Co. is a very good feeling.  Andrew wanted to upgrade his car. We got him a turboback exhaust and a COBB AccessPort and tuned him to stage 2. 

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5250 performance blog | Building Horsepower, exceeding expectations

[fa icon="calendar'] Jun 10, 2015 3:30:00 PM / by Mike Wiener posted in Building Horsepower

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At 5250 performance, we have been building engines and creating chassis that can handle the power for several years now.  We are now going to share what we know to better educate auto enthusiasts much like myself about getting solid gains while maintaining drivability (all about your expectations). 

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